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Facts About Libya | Libya Facts Info Stuff

Here are some interesting facts about Libya - Category: Introduction - Background: The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI began to espouse his own political system, the Third Universal Theory. The system is a combination of socialism and Islam derived in part from tribal practices and is supposed to be implemented by the Libyan people themselves in a unique form of "direct democracy." QADHAFI has always seen himself as a revolutionary and visionary leader. He used oil funds during the 1970s and 1980s to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversives and terrorists abroad to hasten the end of Marxism and capitalism. In addition, beginning in 1973, he engaged in military operations in northern Chad's Aozou Strip - to gain access to minerals and to use as a base of influence in Chadian politics - but was forced to retreat in 1987. UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically following the downing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. During the 1990s, QADHAFI began to rebuild his relationships with Europe. UN sanctions were suspended in April 1999 and finally lifted in September 2003 after Libya accepted responsibility for the Lockerbie bombing. In December 2003, Libya announced that it had agreed to reveal and end its programs to develop weapons of mass destruction and to renounce terrorism. QADHAFI has made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations since then. He has received various Western European leaders as well as many working-level and commercial delegations, and made his first trip to Western Europe in 15 years when he traveled to Brussels in April 2004. Libya has responded in good faith to legal cases brought against it in US courts for terrorist acts that predate its renunciation of violence. Claims for compensation in the Lockerbie bombing, LaBelle disco bombing, and UTA 772 bombing cases are ongoing. The US rescinded Libya's designation as a state sponsor of terrorism in June 2006. In late 2007, Libya was elected by the General Assembly to a nonpermanent seat on the United Nations Security Council for the 2008-09 term.

Category: Government - Constitution: none; note - following the September 1969 military overthrow of the Libyan government, the Revolutionary Command Council replaced the existing constitution with the Constitutional Proclamation in December 1969; in March 1977, Libya adopted the Declaration of the Establishment of the People's Authority

Category: People - Literacy (%): definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 82.6%; male: 92.4%; female: 72% (2003 estimate)

Category: Economy - Labor force: 1.916 million (2008 estimate)

Category: Geography - Elevation extremes (m): lowest point: Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47 m; highest point: Bikku Bitti 2,267 m

Category: Transportation - Airports - with paved runways: total: 60; over 3,047 m: 23; 2,438 to 3,047 m: 6; 1,524 to 2,437 m: 23; 914 to 1,523 m: 6; under 914 m: 2 (2007)

Category: Communications - Internet users: 260,000 (2006)

Category: Military - Military branches: Armed Peoples on Duty (APOD, Army), Libyan Arab Navy, Libyan Arab Air Force (Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Jamahiriya al-Arabia al-Libyya, LAAF) (2008)

Category: Transnational Issues - Refugees and internally displaced persons: refugees (country of origin): 8,000 (Palestinian Territories) (2007)

Other random facts about Libya 

  1. Economy - Electricity - production (kWh): 23.98 billion kWh (2007 estimate)

  2. Economy - Oil - imports (bbl/day): 575 bbl/day (2005)

  3. Geography - Geography - note: more than 90% of the country is desert or semidesert

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Source: CIA - The World Factbook